This article is in two parts, one continuation of the other. Here I mention the syllabus details and in the next post about the related best books.
Group 1 Mains syllabus.
GENERAL ESSAY MARKS: 150
Candidate should write three Essays one from each section
Each section contains three topics.
Each Essay carries 50 marks.
SECTION-I - Crisis management , Social problems,
Analysis and solutions.
SECTION-II - Current events of national and international
SECTION -III - Current events relating to State of Andhra
PAPER-II MARKS: 150
HISTORY AND CULTURAL HERITAGE OF INDIA WITH EMPHASIS ON
20TH CENTURY HISTORY OF INDIA
1.Indus Civilization – Vedic Civilization – Distinction
between Indus Civilisation and Vedic Civilisation –
Evolution of Varna, Jathi/caste system – Religious
condition – Emergence of Religious Movements (Jainism,
Buddhism and other sects) – Rise of Magadha Imperialism –
Rise of Mahayana and Development of Art (Gandhara, Mathura
and other Schools).
2. Advent of Islam and its impact – Influence of Islam on
Indian Culture – Religious Movements – Nature and
significance of Bhakti Movements – Growth of vernacular
languages, literature, fine arts, architecture, monuments,
Indo-Persian art and architecture - Vijayanagara empire
and their contribution to art, literature and culture –
socio-economic conditions, administration, fall of
Vijayanagar empire – the Great Moghals and their
contribution to Indian Fine Art, Architecture and Fine
Arts – Rise of Shivaji.
3.Stages of colonialism – changes in administrative
structure and politics – factors leading for the British
supremacy, assistance of Indian Powers and the causes of
failures – Civil rebellions – Revolt of 1857 and its
impact – Rise of nationalist consciousness and factors for
the growth of Indian Nationalism and Freedom Struggle :
Three Phases :1885-1905, 1905-1920, 1920-47 and
significance of Gandhian Era.
4.Rise and growth of Socio-Religious-cultural – anti-caste,
Dalit and non-Brahmin, Justice/self-respect movements in
modern India – Social reform organisations and role of
intellectuals – Raja Ram Mohan Roy - Dayanand Saraswathi -
Jyotiba Phule - Narayana Guru - Mahathma Gandhi - Ambedkar
5.Nationalist Literature – growth of peasant and labour
movements – role of leftist parties in anti-feudal and anti-
colonial struggles-rise and growth of Women’s movements –
origin and growth of communalism – workers and peasant
movements –freedom and partition of India; important
historical events after independence.
SOCIAL AND CULTURAL HISTORY OF ANDHRA PRADESH
1.The Satavahanas and their contribution – social
structure – religious conditions – growth of literature and
painting – Ikshvakus and their cultural contribution –
Growth of Buddhism in Andhra Pradesh – The Eastern
Chalukyas of Vengi and their importance – socio-cultural
contribution – growth of Telugu language & Literature –
education and learning – Religious Sects – growth of art
2.Socio- Cultural and Religious conditions in Andhra Desha
between 1000 AD – 1565 AD Growth of Telugu Language and
Literature – Nannaya- Molla etc., fine arts and
architecture – Monuments – Significance – Contribution of
Qutubshahis to Telugu language and Literature – Art-
3.Modern Andhra - Socio-cultural awakening in Andhra –
Brahma Samaj, Arya Samaj, Theosohica society – Adi-Andhra,
Movements and role of Veereshalingam and others – Non-
Brahmin, Adi- Andhra /Dalit and Justice/self – respect
movements – Gurram Joshuva – Boyi Bheemanna – Sri Sri and
others – Growth of Nationalist Movement in Andhra and the
Andhra Leaders during the Freedom Struggle – Role of
socialists – communists – anti-zamindari-kisan movements.
4.Asafjahi Dynasty – socio-cultural awakening in Telangana -
Adi-Hindu Movement – Nizam Rashtra Janasangham – Andhra
Mahasabha – Andhra Saaraswata Parishat – The role of
Hyderabad State Congress and Vandemataram Movement.
5.Telangana People’s Armed Struggle – Ittehadul-Muslimeen –
Razakars-anti-Nizam Struggles and end of Nizam’s Rule and
integration of Hyderabad State in Indian Union – Formation
of Andhra Pradesh.
GENERAL OVERVIEW OF THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION
1.Nature of the Constitution – constitutional developments –
salient features – Preamble – Fundamental Rights ,
Directive Principles of State Policy and their
relationship - Fundamental Duties, Distinctive features of
2.Distribution of Legislative Powers between the Union and
the State ; Administrative and Financial relations between
the Union and the States – Powers and the functions of
3.Unicameral and Bicameral Legislatures – Functions and
crises of accountability, decline of legislature -
Delegated Legislation – Legislative and Judicial control
over the delegated legislation – Judicial review of
4. Amendment of the Constitution – Basic Structure Theory –
Emergency Provisions and De-centralisation – Community
development experiment – 3 tier model of Panchayat Raj –
73rd and 74th amendments and their implementation.
5.Welfare Mechanism in India : Provisions for scheduled
castes, Tribes and Minorities ; Reservations for SC, ST and
Backward classes ; Prevention of SC and ST Atrocities
Act ; National and State SC and ST Commission ; Women’s
Commission ; National and State Minorities Commission and
Human Rights Commission.
PAPER-III MARKS: 150
PLANNING IN INDIA & INDIAN ECONOMY
6.National and per capita income and human development -
Sectoral changes in the Indian Economy(GDP and work force).
7.Indian Planning – Objectives, priorities, specific aims
of the recent 5 year plan-- experience and problems.
Changes in the role of public-Private Sectors and their
shares in the total plan outlay before and after economic
8.Poverty and unemployment problems-- magnitude and
measures initiated to ameliorate them.
9.Monetary policy – Structure of Indian Banking and non-
banking financial institutions and reforms in them since
the 1990s—regulation of credit by RBI.
10.Pattern of revenue, expenditure and public debt and
effects on the economy.
LAND REFORMS & SOCIAL CHANGES IN A.P. AFTER INDEPENDENCE
1.Historical background of land reforms and the change in
laws from time to time – Intermediaries abolition, tenancy
reforms, ceilings on holdings and land issues in A.P.
2.Structure of the Andhra Pradesh economy - its sectoral
and regional distribution and the extent of poverty.
Agricultural inputs and technology.
3.Demographic features and social backwardness, literacy
and occupation structure; changes in the sectoral
distribution of income and employment. Socio-political and
economic empowerment of women.
4.State finances and budgetary policy – tax structure,
sharing central taxes, expenditure pattern in revenue and
capital account as well as plan and non-plan accounts.
Public debt – composition - internal and external debt
including World Bank loans.
5.Five year plans of AP – Outlays, financing public sector
plan and resource allocation pattern in the recent 5 year
ANDHRA PRADESH’S ECONOMY, PRESENT STATUS, ITS STRENGTHS AND
1.Growth and structure of industries in AP; Factories,
small and tiny sectors, their comparison, growth,
weaknesses and problems.
2.Structure of agricultural outputs. Administrated prices
including support and procurement prices - Public
Distribution System in Andhra Pradesh.
3.Regional disparities in income, industrial output,
rainfall, irrigation, health and education in AP.
4.Institutional and non-institutional sources of rural
credit in AP - structure and growth - cooperatives and
their share in total credit - adequacy and problems.
5.Service Sector of AP – Importance, composition and growth
with special reference to transport and communication,
tourism and information technology.
PAPER-IV MARKS: 150
ROLE AND IMPACT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN THE
DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA:
UNIT 1: National policy of science and technology and
changes in the policy from time to time, Technology
UNIT 2: Space program in India and its applications with
special reference to industrial, agricultural and other
rural developmental activities, INSAT and IRS systems.
UNIT 3: Role of Information Technology in Rural India,
basics of computers, computers in communication and
broadcasting, software development in economic growth.
Broad IT applications.
UNIT 4: Energy Resources : Energy demands, renewable
energy resources, nuclear energy, the development and its
utilization in the country.
UNIT 5: Current Science & Technology Developments in
India, Climate change, Disaster Management (Floods,
Cyclones and Tsunami ); Crop science in India, Fertilizers,
Control of pests and diseases – scenario in India ;
Drinking water and supply, urbanization and industrial
GENERAL AWARENESS WITH THE MODERN TRENDS IN LIFE SCIENCES
UNIT 1: Progress of Agricultural Science and its impacts -
Introduction to Biotechnology: History of fermentation
development, Industrially important fermentation products
(antibiotics, organic acids, alcohols, vitamins, amino
acids (only one in each category is to be studied))
Production of low volume, high value fermentation products
(insulin, growth hormones, recombinant vaccines,
UNIT 2: Plants and human affairs, characteristics of
plants, usefulness for mankind, origin of agriculture,
useful and harmful plants. Introduction to animals,
Domestic and wild animals, usefulness of animals for
mankind, Exploitation of animals by man for food and
UNIT 3: Introduction to and applications of Genetic
Engineering & Stem Cell Research: Basic concepts (the basic
process of genetic engineering) – Biotechnology in
agriculture (Bio-fertilizers, Bio-pesticides, Bio-fuels,
Genetically modified crops, Tissue culture) animal husbandry
(transgenic animals- applications) and environment
(Biotechnology in Environmental clean up processes).
UNIT 4: Microbial infections ; Common present day
infections and preventive measures. Introduction to
bacterial, viral, protozoa and fungal infections. Basic
knowledge of infections caused by different groups of micro
organisms – diarrhea, dysentery, cholera, tuberculosis,
malaria, viral infections like HIV, encephalitis,
chikungunya, bird flu – preventive measures during out
UNIT 5: Vaccines : Introduction to immunity, Fundamental
concepts in vaccination and traditional methods of vaccine
production ( production of DPT and Rabies vaccine),
Production of Modern Vaccines (production of Hepatitis
vaccine), Applications of immunological methods in
DEVELOPMENT & ENVIRONMENT PROBLEMS:
UNIT 1: Environmental Segments, Promoting Environmental
Protection, The Environment (Protection) Act, Air
(Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, Water
(Prevention and control of pollution) Act, Water pollution
Cess Act, Forest conservation Act, Environmentalism
UNIT 2: Natural Resources : Forest Resources – Types of
Forests, Uses of Forests. Water Resources- Types of Dams,
Drought Occurrences and Floods, Land Resources: Soils and
Cropping patterns, Mineral resources.
UNIT 3: Eco-Systems and Bio-diversity: Terminology of
Ecology, Basic Concepts of Ecology, concept of an
Ecosystem, Food Chains in Eco systems, Types of Eco
systems. Biodiversity and its conservation : Types of
biodiversity, Hotspots of Biodiversity, threats to
UNIT 4: Environment Pollution and Solid Waste Management:
Air Pollution, water pollution, Soil Pollution, Noise
pollution. Solid Waste Management: Types of Solid waste,
Factors affecting the solid waste generation, Impact of
solid wastes, Recycling and reuse.
UNIT 5: Role of Information Technology in Environment and
Human Health. Global Environmental Issues like Climate
Change, Acid Rain, Global warming, Wasteland Reclamation,
Watershed management, watershed approach for sustainable
PAPER-V MARKS: 150
DATA INTERPRETATION AND PROBLEM SOLVING
1.Data appreciation and interpretation using ratios,
percentages and averages.
2.Drawing conclusions from the data present in tabular,
graphical and diagrammatical forms and to point out
deficiencies, limitations or inconsistencies therein.
3.Problem solving using the following:
a)Sequences and Series : Analogies of numbers and
alphabets, completion of blank spaces in a:b::c:d, odd
thing out, missing number in a sequence or series.
b)Coding and decoding problems : A given word or group of
letters in English are to be coded or decoded based on the
c)Date, time and arrangement problems : Calender and clock
problems, blood relationship and seating arrangements.
d)Passage Analysis : A duly structured situation will be
presented to the candidates and they will be asked to
analyse and suggest their own solution to the problem
arising out of situation. Alternatively, they may be
called upon to prove the understanding of the situation by
answering certain searching questions based on the